When starting with photography, you not only will be buying a camera body, but you will need to buy a lens too. Here we will make your choice easy, explaining to you all the different types of lenses you will find on the market.
Lens Types based on the focal-length
Prime Lenses are lenses with a fixed focal length, a great advantage that comes with the fixed focal length is that they are sharper and faster.
Another perk to consider about a prime lens is also the light weight of the lens itself, which makes it really easy to travel with.
Zoom Lenses are lenses where you can change the focal length of the lens thanks to the use of a series of internal lenses. The flexibility of a zoom lens comes at a price to consider based on the purpose you will be using it for, one example is the speed of the lens when compared to a prime lens (it’s considerably slower than a prime lens).
Containing more glass than a prime lens, it will be heavier so if you are considering to travel with one or more zoom lenses keep it in mind.
Lens Types based on their purpose
Fish-eye Lenses qualifies as Ultra-Wide-angle Lenses, they can be both prime lenses with a “short” focal length, and as the one in the image as a zoom-lens where the focal length range is really short.
They will be able to capture the image in a full 180-degree radius, but keep in mind that they will distort the image. The distortion of the image is what gives this type of lenses their unique name since it will return a bubble-like image even of large spaces.
Wide-angle Lenses are commonly used when your purpose is to fit a large area into the frame. Almost everything will be kept in focus, except for objects that are really close to you. These lenses are particularly useful when you are trying to capture a landscape or when you are experimenting with street or architecture photography.
Macro lenses come in a different range of focal lengths and are really useful when it comes to capturing a really close-up image. These types of lenses are designed so to make it possible to capture even the smallest detail at an extremely close range. As you will notice from the image they are able to focus on really closed subjects ( from 0.2 meters to infinite in the Nikon lens hereby).
These Lenses are among the most used lenses for photographers who want to capture insects and close details of plants.
Standard lenses are usually the type of lens you will get as your first lens, those sold in a bundle with the camera body so to get you immediately going when you first buy a camera. These lenses are useful for a lot of different types of photography, ranging from landscape photography to portraits since their focal length usually ranges between 35mm and 85mm.
Telephoto lenses are zoom lenses equipped with multiple focal points, a feature that makes these zoom lenses fall in their own category. These lenses are really good when it comes to isolating a subject that are really far away from you, giving the viewer a sense of intimacy with the subject even if it would be almost impossible to get that close to the subject of the photo.
Keep in mind that such a great focal length comes at a price, such as a narrow field of view (you will never be able to capture a landscape with it), weight, and overall size of the lens that makes it unstable if you think to use it handheld.
When using this type of lenses you should consider investing in a tripod, so to make your photos sharp and keep the camera stable.
A Tilt-Shift Lens is a lens where the glass can be tilted or shifted in relation to the image sensor. One key feature to consider when buying a tilt-shift lens is that it does not have an autofocus system in it so you will need to focus everything manually.
By using a Tilt-Shift lens, you can accentuate the effect of limited depth of field by tilting the lens and make grate landscape images look like scale model replicas if you are able to take the picture from an elevated position.